CyberEthical.Me: Hacking for the Security Awareness

CyberEthical.Me: Hacking for the Security Awareness

Review: Pre Security Learning Path

Review: Pre Security Learning Path

New TryHackMe Learning Path for cyber security

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On the 6th of July (or 5th, depending on the timezone) - I've completed the Pre Security learning path and obtained a certificate of completion. Here is my thoughts about this collection of modules from the TryHackMe.

Although this review is encouraged by the Learn and win prizes event - I want to ensure that this article is not sponsored by TryHackMe or any related parties and what you are goind to read is purely my own opinion.


Contents

  1. Bonus ticket
  2. Cyber Security Introduction
  3. Network Fundamentals
  4. How The Web Works
  5. Linux & Windows Fundamentals
  6. Final thoughts
  7. Additional readings

Bonus ticket

TryHackMe currently is running a ticket lottery that ends on the 15th of July. By completing the rooms from Pre Security learning path you earn tickets that can yield you a rewards. Register on THM platform using ๐Ÿ”—my referral link, score 100 points and both you and me get 1 bonus ticket. If you are interested in learning Cyber Security - you should have the THM account. More details about the event here.

Cyber Security Introduction

image.png

Learning Cyber Security
Released29/05/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/beginnerpathintro

With this first room, we are introduced to the relatively new feature (at least for me) which is a split screen lab.

image.png

As you can see on the right half of the screen, there is an interactive content where you can either look for answers to the questions or click through a demonstration of the topic being described currently. For example, on the screen above we are guided through the process of brute force attack, that apparently was an exact scenario of security incident that happened before

Not gonna spoil that for you, go check it yourself :)

I have done several rooms at THM before, but I don't remember they had this feature before - and in my opinion it is an awesome idea that should be introduced in each learning modules.

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Network Fundamentals

image.png

What is Networking?
Released01/07/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/whatisnetworking
Intro to LAN
Released01/07/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/introtolan
OSI Model
Released01/07/2021
AvailabilitySubscribers Only
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/osimodelzi
Packets & Frames
Released01/07/2021
AvailabilitySubscribers Only
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/packetsframes
Extending Your Network
Released01/07/2021
AvailabilitySubscribers Only
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/extendingyournetwork

This module is quite expanded one, covering the background knowledge of the following topics:

  • what is the network,
  • what ICMP, LAN, OSI, ARP, DHCP stands for and where are their applications,
  • what is the network topology - what are their advantages and disadvantages,
  • how packets and data travel through the networks,
  • where in everything that is the OSI model

Remember when I was admiring the side-labs before? In this module, it unleashes its full potential, so to speak. Look at this mesmerizing Bus Topology demonstration:

bus.gif

Or this interactive Ring Topology example:

ring.gif

I was definitely having fun with these animations :)

It is worth mentioning: this module contains also basics of subnetting that I was recently working on to understand. Here is a cheatsheet I've made a week ago:

On OSI Model room we can jump into a simple game to validate the knowledge. Can you beat me?

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How The Web Works

image.png

DNS in Detail
Released11/05/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/dnsindetail
HTTP in Detail
Released11/05/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/httpindetail
How websites work
Released30/03/2021
AvailabilitySubscribers Only
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/howwebsiteswork
Putting It All Together
Released30/03/2021
AvailabilitySubscribers Only
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/puttingitalltogether

Here you will learn about The Web.

  • DNS and what are DNS Records - learn how to query DNS using nslookup

image.png

  • How HTTP(S) protocol works, how cookies and HTTP Headers are used in information exchange between browser and a web server

http-request.gif

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Linux & Windows Fundamentals

image.png image.png

Linux Fundamentals Part 1
Released27/05/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/linuxfundamentalspart1
Linux Fundamentals Part 2
Released27/05/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/linuxfundamentalspart2
Linux Fundamentals Part 3
Released27/03/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/linuxfundamentalspart3
Windows Fundamentals 1
Released22/06/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/windowsfundamentals1xbx
Windows Fundamentals 2
Released29/06/2021
AvailabilityFree
Direct URLtryhackme.com/room/windowsfundamentals2x0x

Technically speaking, these are two separate modules, but because both teaches basics and advanced operations on operating system with similar way, I have grouped them together.

All five modules are free, so it is possible for everyone to complete them without the need to have subscription.

Here you will learn how to work with terminal in Linux to navigate through the file system, perform basic file operations, check for running processes, piping commands, handling packages via apt and introductory knowledge of cron jobs. Everything in the prepared side-lab terminal.

image.png

On the Windows side, quick GUI introduction, management applications (like Control Panel, Account Control, Registry) run-through and Windows permission model. In my opinion, last one is mandatory to bring up when comparing Linux and Windows side-by-side because both have different approach on files' permissions. Windows Fundamentals also have an own side-lab machine with Windows installed.

image.png

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Final thoughts

Remember that by registering on THM platform using ๐Ÿ”—my referral link both you and me can get 1 bonus ticket.

Even just by looking at the lengths of sections in this article, you can probably tell which one was my favorite and most likely I've remembered most from them. The first three modules (Cyber Security Introduction, Network Fundamentals and How The Web Works) are hands down the best of what TryHackMe have right now in terms of entry level educational materials. Content is well put, the number of questions is more than enough to keep you focused on the key content - and this was always on the positive side for THM.

Nevertheless, I wouldn't say it is the best what we have on market right now when considering accessibility/availability. As you have noticed, out of 5 modules, only 2 can be completed without subscription. This is what always grinds my gears with THM. To be clear: I know that for a good content, you should pay specified amount of money - no one wants to work for free, it is somebody's effort and in case of such platform THM it is even more overhead (ex. hosting).

But, as a free account, I would far more likely pay for HackTheBox additional content that I can complete from top to bottom, instead of sifting and picking through the free parts between paywalls.

๐Ÿ”” CyberEthical.Me is maintained purely from your donations - consider one-time sponsoring with the Sponsor button or ๐ŸŽ become a Patron which also gives you some bonus perks.

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Additional readings

๐Ÿ“Œ Follow the #CyberEthical hashtag on the social media

๐Ÿ‘‰ Instagram: @cyber.ethical.me

๐Ÿ‘‰ LinkedIn: Kamil Gierach-Pacanek

๐Ÿ‘‰ Twitter: @cyberethical_me

๐Ÿ‘‰ Facebook: @CyberEthicalMe

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